If we would be looking for the cornerstone of Internet’s success, then the answer would definitely be the “Net neutrality” as it encourages users to make dynamic startups and innovate through an even playing field.
As far as what net neutrality means to customers is concerned, one example would be that they would receive the requested content at the same speed regardless of the content type.
Big telecom companies are tearing net neutrality up and they do that for the following three reasons:
Companies that can afford to pay are being offered faster access for their clients, leaving other smaller companies or charities and startups in the “slow lane” as they cannot afford the additional charges for extra bandwidth. As you can imagine, the winners in this case are the large established businesses.
Cable-style bundled Internet packages, providing limited access to websites and Internet services can be offered, requiring additional payment from the customers for upgrading to unlimited Internet access.
Services that compete with their own can be discriminated by the big telecom companies. An example of such service would be the Netflix traffic throttling by both Verizon and Comcast.
Using VPN to bypass ISP throttling
When you use VPN for getting Internet access for your device, it will practically use an encrypted tunnel for connecting to one of the VPN provider’s servers. Any data passing though this tunnel will be protected by encryption. This will leave your ISP with no info on what you’re doing online and therefore cannot discriminate against specific services.
So, using a VPN can actually offer you better connection speeds especially to streaming services like Netflix, but you should be aware that your ISP could attempt to throttle or block the VPN itself.
How can this be done? Well, when data are being passed via an encrypted tunnel, the ISP many not be able to see the data, but it can see the tunnel, so it could select to throttle or even block this type of traffic. And they could do more, like throttling or blocking traffic coming from specific IP addresses which are known that they belong to VPN providers.
In any case, if you have issues with the use of your VPN service you should contact your VPN provider for assistance, as you might be offered with some option that will allow you to mask the use of VPN traffic, so it cannot be throttled or blocked.
Using a VPN service would result to using additional processing power and also a speed decrease of around 10 percent due to the encryption and decryption processes that take place. So, whether you will be surely benefited by using a VPN for avoiding throttling depends on the speed result you’ll get when you enable the VPN service.